Plants thrive by being near each otherBy Kris Wetherbee
Companion planting is a way to encourage your plants to thrive by strategically placing certain plants near each other.
It benefits your garden in several ways: by attracting beneficial insects and bug-eating birds as well as providing nutrients and protecting against disease. A bonus for you and your family: some companion plants also deter pest insects, according to the North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension. Garlic can be a good companion plant because it deters a variety of pests, including mosquitoes. Try planting it with beets, eggplants, tomatoes, peppers and broccoli. Basil helps neighboring plants such as lettuce, peppers and tomatoes thrive, and also repels mosquitoes.
You can grow companion plants as a border around other plants, mixed within rows or interspersed throughout a bed.
|Beans||cabbage family, corn, eggplant, lettuce, marigolds, petunias, potatoes||deters potato beetles, fixes nitrogen|
|Calendula||cabbage family, corn, lettuce||attracts minute pirate bugs and lacewings|
|Carrots||lettuce, marigolds, onions, parsley, tomatoes||keep away from dill|
|Cabbage family||aromatic herbs, chamomile, marigolds, onions, nasturtiums, potatoes||keep away from strawberries & tomatoes|
|Catnip||eggplant, lettuce, oriental greens, potatoes||repels flea beetles; use as a mulch|
|Cucumbers||lettuce, nasturtiums, onions, peas, petunias, radish||keep away from sunflowers & potatoes|
|Geraniums||cabbage family, grapes||repels cabbage worms, Japanese beetles|
|Lettuce||beans, cabbage family, calendula, carrots onions, peas, pansies, radish||compatible with most garden plants|
|Marigolds||all garden plants||repels aphids, potato & squash bugs; mass plantings kill nematodes|
|Nasturtiums||all garden plants||deters many pests; masks plant odors|
|Onions||most garden plants, except peas & beans||deters many pests; masks plant odors|
|Petunias||eggplant, grapes, greens, squash||also plant with any vegetable bothered by leaf hoppers|
|Peas||carrots, corn, cucumbers, potatoes||fixes nitrogen; keep away from onions|
|Peppers||basil, carrots, onions, parsley||keep away from fennel|
|Radish||especially carrots, cucumbers, squash||repels cucumber beetles|
|Squash||nasturtiums, onions, petunias, radish||keep away from cucumbers & melons|
|Tomatoes||basil, carrots, chamomile, marigolds,||keep away from fennel & potatoes|